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Sanford Bishop Jr.

D

Won the General, 2022 Georgia U.S. House District 2

Georgia U.S. House, District 2 (1993 - Present)

Co-Chairman, Defense, Veterans, and Homeland Security Task Force (? - Present)

Quick Facts
Personal Details

Caucuses/Former Committees

Member, Army Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Academic Medicine Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Afterschool Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Biomass Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Black Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Capital Fraternal Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Career and Technical Education Caucus, present

Former Member, Congressional Caucus on Coal, present

Member, Congressional Caucus on Community Health Centers, present

Member, Congressional Caucus on Intellectual Property Promotion and Piracy Prevention, present

Member, Congressional Caucus on Taiwan, present

Co-Chair, Congressional Chicken Caucus, present

Co-Chairman, Congressional Chicken Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Diabetes Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Fire Services Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Glaucoma Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Humanities Caucus, present

Member, Congressional JOBS NOW! Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Kidney Caucus, present

Co-Chair/Co-Founder, Congressional Military Family Caucus, present

Co-Founder, Congressional Military Family Caucus, present

Co-Chair, Congressional Peanut Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Pro-Sports Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Real Estate Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Robotics Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Rural Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Scouting Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Sportsman's Caucus, present

Member, Congressional STEAM Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Steel Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Sudan Caucus, present

Member, Congressional TRIO Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Vietnam-Era Veterans Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Vision Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Zoo and Aquarium Caucus, present

Member, Depot Caucus, present

Member, Friends of Job Corps Congressional Caucus, present

Member, Heart and Stroke Caucus, present

Member, Hidden Heroes Congressional Caucus, present

Member, Historically Black Colleges and Universities Caucus, present

Member, House Agriculture Energy Users Caucus, present

Member, House Army Caucus, present

Member, House Beef Caucus, present

Member, House Biotechnology Caucus, present

Member, House Military Depot and Industrial Facilities Caucus, present

Member, House Military Industrial Facilities Caucus, present

Member, International Conservation Caucus, present

Member, Law Enforcement Caucus, present

Member, National Guard and Reserve Components Caucus, present

Member, Out of Poverty Caucus, present

Member, Rural Housing Caucus, present

Member, Textile Caucus, present

Member, United States Japan Caucus, present

Former Member, USO Congressional Caucus, present

Member, Water Caucus, present

Member, Bicameral Congressional Caucus on Parkinson's Disease

Former Member, Committee on Agriculture, United States House of Representatives

Former Member, Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, United States House of Representatives

Former Member, Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, United States House of Representatives

Former Member, Congressional Air Power Caucus

Former Member, Congressional Arts Caucus

Former Member, Congressional Federal Government Service Caucus

Former Member, Congressional Motor Sports Caucus

Former Co-Chair, Congressional Peanut Caucus

Former Member, Congressional Soy Bean Caucus

Former Member, Congressional Travel and Tourism Caucus

Former Member, Federal Government Service Caucus

Former Member, Friends of Job Corps Congressional Caucus

Former Member, Governor's Advisory Council on Drug Abuse

Former Member, National Security Caucus

Former Member, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, United States House of Representatives

Education

  • JD, Emory University, 1971
  • BA, Political Science, Morehouse College, 1968

Professional Experience

  • JD, Emory University, 1971
  • BA, Political Science, Morehouse College, 1968
  • Partner, Bishop and Buckner, Professional Corporation, 1978-1992
  • Partner, Bishop and Hudlin, 1972-1978
  • Attorney, Legal Defense Fund, 1971-1972
  • Served, United States Army, Reserve Officer Training Corps, 1969-1971

Political Experience

  • JD, Emory University, 1971
  • BA, Political Science, Morehouse College, 1968
  • Partner, Bishop and Buckner, Professional Corporation, 1978-1992
  • Partner, Bishop and Hudlin, 1972-1978
  • Attorney, Legal Defense Fund, 1971-1972
  • Served, United States Army, Reserve Officer Training Corps, 1969-1971
  • Senior Whip, United States House of Representatives, 2007-2008, present
  • Representative, United States House of Representatives, Georgia, District 2, 1993-present
  • Candidate, United States House of Representatives, Georgia, District 2, 2020
  • Senator, Georgia State Senate, 1991-1992
  • Representative, Georgia State State House of Representatives, 1977-1990

Former Committees/Caucuses

Member, Army Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Academic Medicine Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Afterschool Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Biomass Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Black Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Capital Fraternal Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Career and Technical Education Caucus, present

Former Member, Congressional Caucus on Coal, present

Member, Congressional Caucus on Community Health Centers, present

Member, Congressional Caucus on Intellectual Property Promotion and Piracy Prevention, present

Member, Congressional Caucus on Taiwan, present

Co-Chair, Congressional Chicken Caucus, present

Co-Chairman, Congressional Chicken Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Diabetes Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Fire Services Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Glaucoma Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Humanities Caucus, present

Member, Congressional JOBS NOW! Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Kidney Caucus, present

Co-Chair/Co-Founder, Congressional Military Family Caucus, present

Co-Founder, Congressional Military Family Caucus, present

Co-Chair, Congressional Peanut Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Pro-Sports Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Real Estate Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Robotics Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Rural Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Scouting Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Sportsman's Caucus, present

Member, Congressional STEAM Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Steel Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Sudan Caucus, present

Member, Congressional TRIO Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Vietnam-Era Veterans Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Vision Caucus, present

Member, Congressional Zoo and Aquarium Caucus, present

Member, Depot Caucus, present

Member, Friends of Job Corps Congressional Caucus, present

Member, Heart and Stroke Caucus, present

Member, Hidden Heroes Congressional Caucus, present

Member, Historically Black Colleges and Universities Caucus, present

Member, House Agriculture Energy Users Caucus, present

Member, House Army Caucus, present

Member, House Beef Caucus, present

Member, House Biotechnology Caucus, present

Member, House Military Depot and Industrial Facilities Caucus, present

Member, House Military Industrial Facilities Caucus, present

Member, International Conservation Caucus, present

Member, Law Enforcement Caucus, present

Member, National Guard and Reserve Components Caucus, present

Member, Out of Poverty Caucus, present

Member, Rural Housing Caucus, present

Member, Textile Caucus, present

Member, United States Japan Caucus, present

Former Member, USO Congressional Caucus, present

Member, Water Caucus, present

Member, Bicameral Congressional Caucus on Parkinson's Disease

Former Member, Committee on Agriculture, United States House of Representatives

Former Member, Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, United States House of Representatives

Former Member, Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, United States House of Representatives

Former Member, Congressional Air Power Caucus

Former Member, Congressional Arts Caucus

Former Member, Congressional Federal Government Service Caucus

Former Member, Congressional Motor Sports Caucus

Former Co-Chair, Congressional Peanut Caucus

Former Member, Congressional Soy Bean Caucus

Former Member, Congressional Travel and Tourism Caucus

Former Member, Federal Government Service Caucus

Former Member, Friends of Job Corps Congressional Caucus

Former Member, Governor's Advisory Council on Drug Abuse

Former Member, National Security Caucus

Former Member, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, United States House of Representatives

Current Legislative Committees

Member, Agriculture Committee

Member, Committee on Appropriations

Chair, Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies

Member, Subcommittee on Financial Services and General Government

Member, Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management

Member, Subcommittee on Livestock and Foreign Agriculture

Member, Subcommittee on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies

Religious, Civic, and other Memberships

  • JD, Emory University, 1971
  • BA, Political Science, Morehouse College, 1968
  • Partner, Bishop and Buckner, Professional Corporation, 1978-1992
  • Partner, Bishop and Hudlin, 1972-1978
  • Attorney, Legal Defense Fund, 1971-1972
  • Served, United States Army, Reserve Officer Training Corps, 1969-1971
  • Senior Whip, United States House of Representatives, 2007-2008, present
  • Representative, United States House of Representatives, Georgia, District 2, 1993-present
  • Candidate, United States House of Representatives, Georgia, District 2, 2020
  • Senator, Georgia State Senate, 1991-1992
  • Representative, Georgia State State House of Representatives, 1977-1990
  • Member, Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem, 2015-present
  • Member, Alabama State Bar, present
  • Shriner, Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, present
  • Member, Bipartisan Congressional Task Force on Alzheimer's Disease, present
  • Member, Blue Dog Coalition, present
  • Eagle Scout, Boy Scouts of America, present
  • Member, Congressional HUBZone Coalition, present
  • Member, Council on Foreign Relations, present
  • Co-Chair, Defense, Veterans, and Homeland Security Task Force, present
  • Member, Georgia State Bar, present
  • Member, Impact Aid Coalition, present
  • Deacon/Trustee, Mount Zion Baptist Church, present
  • Member, No Labels Problem Solvers Group, present
  • Member, Order of Saint John, present
  • Member, Prince Hall Free and Accepted Masons, present
  • Member, Rural Working Group, present
  • Former Member, Executive Board, Chattahoochee Council
  • Former Member, Congressional Children's Working Group
  • Former Chair, Democratic House Task Force on Homeland Security
  • Former Co-Chair, Forestry 2000 Task Force
  • Former Member, Fourth Street Baptist Church
  • Member, Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity
  • Member, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
  • Former Member, Southern Growth Policies Board
  • Former Member, Working Group on Defense of Physical Infrastructure and Natural Resources

Other Info

Astrological Sign:

Aquarius

— Awards:

  • 100 Most Influential Georgians, Georgia Trend Magazine
  • Man of the Year, Men's Progressive Club of Columbus, Georgia
  • Spirit of Enterprise, United States Chamber of Commerce
  • Distinguished Eagle Scout Award, Boy Scouts of America
  • Friend of the Children, Child Advocacy Coalition
  • Star Legislator Award, 1987
  • The United Negro College Fund Masked Award, 1996
  • Health Service Award, 1996
  • Haynes-Taylor Award Young Men's Christian Association, 2001
  • Community Health Super Hero Award, 2002
  • Community Health Super Hero Award, 2003
  • Kappa Citizenship Award, 2003, 52nd Southeastern Province Council Meeting Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Incorporated
  • Whitney M. Young Jr. Community Service Award, 2005, Urban League of Greater Columbus, Incorporated
  • National Family Week Advocacy Award, 2006
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. Unity Award, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
  • Advocacy Award, 2006, The Family Center, Incorporated
  • Spirit of Enterprise Award, 2007, United States Chamber of Commerce
  • Impact Award, 2007, National Peanut Buying Points Association
  • Policy Maker of the Year, 2007, Georgia Association for Career in Technical Education
  • Legislator of the Year, 2007, Licensed Professional Counselors Association of Georgia
  • CLEO Legacy Diversity Award, 2008
  • Community Service Award, 2008, The Courier Eco Latino
  • Keeper of the Flame Award, 2009
  • Distinguished Community Health Defender Award, 2010
  • Georgia Peanut Special Award Work Horse, 2010
  • Civil Liberty Award, 2010, International Panel of Experts of the World
  • Great Idea Award, 2010, Teenage Parenting Center
  • TV One Award For Championing Choice and Diversity in Cable Television Programming, 2010
  • Friend of the National Parks Award, 2010, National Parks Conservation Association
  • Friend of Labor Award, 2011, Georgia Branch of the American Federation of Labor, Congress of Industrial Organizations
  • Teaching (CARET) Champions' Award, 2011, Council for Agricultural Research
  • Leadership Award, 2011, African American Golfers Hall of Fame
  • Our Star in Washington Award, 2012, Terrell County National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
  • Good Scout Award, 2012, National Capitol Area Council of the Boy Scouts of America
  • The Patriot Award, 2012, Georgia Employer Support for the Guard and Reserve
  • Congressional Partnership Award, 2012, National Association of Development Organizations (NADO)
  • Distinguished Service Award, 2012, American Logistics Association
  • National Association of Manufacturers Award for Manufacturing Legislative Excellence in 112th Congress, 2013, National Association of Manufacturers
  • Distinguished Community Health Defender Award, 2013, National Association of Community Health Centers, Incorporated
  • Lifetime Achiever Award, 2014, Alabama Black Achievers Awards Gala
  • The Distinguished Eagle Scout Award, Boy Scouts of America
  • The Spirit of Enterprise Award, U.S. Chamber of Commerce
  • Man of the Year Award, Men's Progressive Club of Columbus, Georgia
  • Friend of the Children Award, Child Advocacy Coalition
  • Legislative Impact Award, Military Spouse Magazine
  • George "Buck" Gillispie Award for Meritorious Service
  • HBCU/PBI Champion Award from the National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education
  • The Charles Dick Medal of Merit
  • Faith Community Outreach Center Certificate of Appreciation for Outstanding Performance and Lasting Contributions, 1999
  • Volunteers for Organizing America Certificate, 2009
  • Southwest Georgia Council on Aging, 2009, Libraries Certificate of Appreciation for Continued Support
  • Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated, 2009, Platinum Sponsor DR. King Breakfast

Distinguished Eagle Scout Award, Boy Scouts of America

  • Sanford D. Bishop, Sr.

  • President, Bishop State Community College

Favorite Quote:

Bag of Tools - R.L. Sharpe:

Isn't it strange, that princes and kings,

  • and clowns that caper in sawdust rings,
  • and common-folk like you and me,
  • are builders for eternity?
  • -
  • To each is given a bag of tools,
  • a shapeless mass and a Book of Rules;
  • and each must make 'ere time has flown,
  • a stumbling block or a stepping stone.
  • Hobbies or Special Talents:

    Hunting, jogging and basketball.

    • Minnie S. Bishop

    • Librarian

    Names of Grandchildren:

    Londyn

    • 1

    Spouse's Occupation:

    Elected Clerk of the Municipal Court of Columbus, Georgia

    Policy Positions

    2021

    Abortion

    1. Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
    - Pro-choice

    Budget

    1. In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
    - Yes

    2. Do you support expanding federal funding to support entitlement programs such as Social Security and Medicare?
    - Yes

    Campaign Finance

    1. Do you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
    - Yes

    Crime

    1. Do you support the protection of government officials, including law enforcement officers, from personal liability in civil lawsuits concerning alleged misconduct?
    - No

    Defense

    Do you support increasing defense spending?
    - Yes

    Economy

    1. Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
    - Yes

    2. Do you support lowering corporate taxes as a means of promoting economic growth?
    - No

    3. Do you support providing financial relief to businesses AND/OR corporations negatively impacted by the state of national emergency for COVID-19?
    - Yes

    Education

    1. Do you support requiring states to adopt federal education standards?
    - Yes

    Energy and Environment

    1. Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, geo-thermal)?
    - Yes

    2. Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
    - Yes

    Guns

    1. Do you generally support gun-control legislation?
    - Yes

    Health Care

    1. Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")?
    - No

    2. Do you support requiring businesses to provide paid medical leave during public health crises, such as COVID-19?
    - Yes

    Immigration

    1. Do you support the construction of a wall along the Mexican border?
    - No

    2. Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
    - No

    National Security

    1. Should the United States use military force to prevent governments hostile to the U.S. from possessing a weapon of mass destruction (for example: nuclear, biological, chemical)?
    - Unknown Position

    2. Do you support reducing military intervention in Middle East conflicts?
    - Unknown Position

    Trade

    Do you generally support removing barriers to international trade (for example: tariffs, quotas, etc.)?
    - Yes

    Congressional Election 2006 National Political Awareness Test

    Abortion

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

    1. Abortions should always be illegal.
    - No Answer

    2. Abortions should always be legal.
    - No Answer

    3. Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
    - X

    4. Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
    - X

    5. Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
    - X

    6. Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
    - No Answer

    7. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Budgetary, Spending, and Tax Issues, Part 1: Budget Priorities

    Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.Budget Priorities

    1. Agriculture
    - Greatly Increase

    2. Arts
    - Maintain Status

    3. Defense
    - Greatly Increase

    4. Education
    - Greatly Increase

    5. Environment
    - Maintain Status

    6. Homeland security
    - Greatly Increase

    7. International aid
    - Maintain Status

    8. Law enforcement
    - Slightly Increase

    9. Medical research
    - Greatly Increase

    10. National parks
    - Maintain Status

    11. Public health services
    - Greatly Increase

    12. Scientific research
    - Greatly Increase

    13. Space exploration programs
    - Slightly Decrease

    14. Transportation and highway infrastructure
    - Greatly Increase

    15. Welfare
    - Slightly Increase

    16. Emergency preparedness
    - Greatly Increase

    Budgetary, Spending, and Tax Issues, Part 2: Defense Spending

    Defense Spending

    1. Armed Forces personnel training
    - Greatly Increase

    2. Intelligence operations
    - Greatly Increase

    3. Military hardware
    - Greatly Increase

    4. Modernization of weaponry and equipment
    - Greatly Increase

    5. National missile defense
    - Maintain Status

    6. Pay for active duty personnel
    - Greatly Increase

    7. Programs to improve troop retention rates
    - Slightly Increase

    8. Research and development of new weapons
    - Greatly Increase

    9. Troop and equipment readiness
    - Greatly Increase

    Budgetary, Spending, and Tax Issues, Part 3: Taxes (A)

    Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.TaxesIncome Taxes:Family IncomeRetiree IncomeOther Taxes:Deductions/Credits:

    1. Less than $25,000
    - Eliminate

    2. $25,000-$75,000
    - Greatly Decrease

    3. $75,000-$150,000
    - Greatly Decrease

    4. Over $150,000
    - Greatly Decrease

    5. Other or expanded categories
    - No Answer

    6. Over $40,000
    - Greatly Decrease

    7. Alcohol taxes
    - Slightly Decrease

    8. Capital gains taxes
    - Slightly Decrease

    9. Cigarette taxes
    - Slightly Increase

    10. Corporate taxes
    - Slightly Decrease

    11. Gasoline taxes
    - Slightly Decrease

    12. Inheritance taxes
    - Eliminate

    13. Charitable contributions
    - Maintain Status

    14. Child tax credit
    - Slightly Increase

    15. Earned income tax credit
    - Slightly Increase

    16. Medical expense deduction
    - Greatly Increase

    17. Mortgage deduction
    - Maintain Status

    18. Student loan credit
    - Greatly Increase

    19. Greatly increase: economic development tax credits e.g. empowerment zones etc.
    - marriage

    Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B)

    1. Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
    - Yes

    2. Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?
    - Undecided

    3. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Campaign Finance and Government Reform

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

    1. Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
    - No Answer

    2. Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
    - No Answer

    3. Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
    - No Answer

    4. Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
    - No Answer

    5. Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
    - No Answer

    6. Require Section 527 organizations to register with the Federal Election Commission as Political Action Committees.
    - No Answer

    7. Do you support instant run-off voting?
    - Undecided

    8. Should Election Day be a national holiday?
    - Yes

    9. Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?
    - Yes

    10. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Crime

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

    1. Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
    - X

    2. Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
    - No Answer

    3. Support programs to provide prison inmates with educational, vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
    - X

    4. Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
    - X

    5. Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
    - No Answer

    6. Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
    - X

    7. Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of corporate crimes.
    - X

    8. Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
    - No Answer

    9. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Drug

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.

    1. Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
    - X

    2. Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
    - X

    3. Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
    - No Answer

    4. Allow doctors to recommend marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
    - X

    5. Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
    - X

    6. Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
    - No Answer

    7. Support a federal law to standardize testing and penalties for steroid use in professional sports.
    - No Answer

    8. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Education

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

    1. Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
    - X

    2. Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
    - X

    3. Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
    - No Answer

    4. Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
    - X

    5. Reward teachers with merit pay for working in low-income schools.
    - X

    6. Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
    - X

    7. Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
    - X

    8. Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
    - X

    9. Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
    - X

    10. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Employment and Affirmative Action

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.

    1. Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
    - X

    2. Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
    - X

    3. Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
    - X

    4. Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
    - X

    5. Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
    - No Answer

    6. Increase the federal minimum wage.
    - X

    7. Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
    - X

    8. Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
    - No Answer

    9. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    10. The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
    - X

    11. The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
    - No Answer

    12. The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
    - X

    Environment and Energy

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

    1. Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
    - No Answer

    2. Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
    - No Answer

    3. Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants.
    - No Answer

    4. Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
    - X

    5. Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
    - X

    6. Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
    - X

    7. Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
    - X

    8. Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
    - No Answer

    9. Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
    - X

    10. Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
    - X

    11. Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
    - X

    12. Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
    - No Answer

    13. Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming.
    - X

    14. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Gun

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

    1. Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
    - No Answer

    2. Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
    - No Answer

    3. Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
    - X

    4. Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
    - No Answer

    5. Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
    - X

    6. Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
    - No Answer

    7. Require a license for gun possession.
    - No Answer

    8. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Health

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.

    1. Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
    - No Answer

    2. Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
    - X

    3. Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
    - X

    4. Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
    - No Answer

    5. Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
    - X

    6. Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
    - X

    7. Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
    - X

    8. Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
    - X

    9. Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
    - X

    10. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Immigration

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

    1. Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
    - No Answer

    2. Establish English as the official national language.
    - No Answer

    3. Support a temporary worker program that would enable illegal immigrants to work in the United States legally.
    - X

    4. Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using government funded social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
    - No Answer

    5. Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
    - No Answer

    International Aid, International Policy, and Trade Issues, Part 1: International Aid

    International AidIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.

    1. Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
    - X

    2. Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
    - X

    3. Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
    - No Answer

    4. International Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
    - No Answer

    5. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    International Aid, International Policy, and Trade Issues, Part 2: International Policy

    International Policy1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.

    1. Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
    - Yes

    2. Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
    - Undecided

    3. Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
    - No

    4. Should the United States send more troops to Iraq?
    - Undecided

    5. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    6. Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
    - Yes

    7. Should the United States use military force to dismantle the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
    - Undecided

    8. Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
    - Undecided

    9. Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
    - No

    10. Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
    - No

    11. Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
    - Yes

    12. Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
    - No

    13. Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
    - Yes

    14. Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
    - Yes

    15. Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs?"
    - No

    16. Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
    - Yes

    17. Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund abstinence education?
    - Yes

    International Aid, International Policy, and Trade Issues, Part 3: International Trade

    International TradeIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

    1. Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
    - No

    2. Do you support the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)?
    - No

    3. Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
    - Undecided

    4. Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
    - Undecided

    5. Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
    - Yes

    6. Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
    - No

    7. Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
    - Yes

    8. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    National Security

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

    1. Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
    - Yes

    2. Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
    - No

    3. Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
    - Yes

    4. Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
    - Yes

    5. Do you support the prohibition of torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment of prisoners in U.S. custody?
    - Yes

    6. Do you support a policy of pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to U.S. national security?
    - Undecided

    7. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Social Security

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

    1. Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
    - No Answer

    2. Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
    - No Answer

    3. Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
    - X

    4. Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
    - No Answer

    5. Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
    - No Answer

    6. Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
    - No Answer

    7. Other of expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Technology and Communication

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.

    1. Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
    - No Answer

    2. Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
    - X

    3. Implement government regulation of Internet content.
    - No Answer

    4. Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
    - X

    5. Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
    - X

    6. Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
    - X

    7. Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
    - No Answer

    8. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    Welfare and Poverty

    Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

    1. Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
    - X

    2. Increase funding for child care programs.
    - X

    3. Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
    - X

    4. Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
    - X

    5. Abolish all federal welfare programs.
    - No Answer

    6. Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
    - X

    7. Other or expanded principles
    - No Answer

    2019

    Abortion

    1. Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
    - Pro-choice

    Budget

    1. In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
    - No

    2. In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending?
    - No

    Campaign Finance

    1. Do you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
    - Yes

    Economy

    1. Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
    - Yes

    2. Do you support lowering corporate taxes as a means of promoting economic growth?
    - Unknown Position

    Education

    1. Do you support requiring states to adopt federal education standards?
    - Yes

    Energy & Environment

    1. Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)?
    - Yes

    2. Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
    - No

    Guns

    1. Do you generally support gun-control legislation?
    - No

    Health Care

    1. Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")?
    - No

    Immigration

    1. Do you support the construction of a wall along the Mexican border?
    - No

    2. Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
    - No

    Marijuana

    Do you support the legalization of marijuana for recreational purposes?
    - Unknown Position

    National Security

    1. Should the United States use military force in order to prevent governments hostile to the U.S. from possessing a nuclear weapon?
    - No

    2. Do you support increased American intervention in Middle Eastern conflicts beyond air support?
    - Unknown Position

    Congress Bills
    Speeches
    Articles

    Campaign finance investigation

    Jan. 1, 1900

    On June 16, 2020, the House Ethics Committee announced that it was conducting an investigation into Bishop's campaign expenditure reports. The memo from the committee indicated that the Office of Congressional Ethics referred a complaint regarding Bishop's campaign spending to the committee in February 2020. The memo did not indicate that the investigation had identified any campaign finance violations at that time. A spokesperson for Bishop's office released the following statement: "The Office of Congressional Ethics notified Congressman Bishop that it was reviewing his campaign’s disbursement reports. The Congressman is cooperating fully in this matter in an open and transparent way. This includes conducting a thorough review of his campaign finance reports to identify all necessary corrective steps to resolve this matter in a timely fashion. The Congressman takes ethical issues very seriously and has always been committed to complying with all campaign finance regulations and standards of conduct." On July 31, 2020, the committee announced it was extending its investigation into Bishop. "There is substantial reason to believe that Rep. Bishop converted campaign funds from Sanford Bishop for Congress to personal use, or Rep. Bishop's campaign committee expended funds that were not attributable to bona fide campaign or political purposes," the board of the Office of Congressional Ethics wrote.